MMR immunity test
The MMR test checks for antibodies against the viruses that cause measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR). Antibodies are made by the immune system after you have been exposed to MMR or after receiving a vaccination. Having antibodies against MMR helps prevent future infections from these viruses.
what are measles, mumps, and rubella?
Measles, mumps, and rubella are different viruses that are very contagious. They spread from person-to-person when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or exhales. Most people in the United States receive an MMR vaccine to help protect them and others from being infected by MMR.
what is immunity?
When you receive a measles, mumps, or rubella vaccine, your immune system responds by releasing antibodies, or proteins that attack viruses. Vaccines contain the same germs that cause disease, but they have been either killed or weakened to the point that they don’t make you sick. A vaccine stimulates your immune system to produce antibodies, exactly like it would if you were exposed to the disease. After getting vaccinated, you develop immunity to that disease, without having to get the disease first.
who should be tested?
This test is for anyone who wants to find out if they have immunity against measles, mumps, or rubella.
what will my results tell me?
Your test results will tell you if you are immune to measles, mumps, and/or rubella.
If your test results detect antibodies above a certain level, it can indicate that you have immunity against measles, mumps, or rubella and are immune to further infection.
If your test results detect antibodies below a certain level, it can indicate that you may be at risk of infection.
Please note that immunity to one virus does not mean you are immune to the other viruses. You should share your results with your healthcare provider, who can help you decide your next steps in care. Some people may need to receive a MMR injection to help boost their immunity against possible infection from measles, mumps or rubella.